In today’s generation, everyone is walking on the path of progress and is making discoveries every day. In the field of technology, medicine, and education, we are touching great heights everywhere in every field. And that’s why we need great speed. We need new technology so that our ability to work will increase. All these are very much needed in the present situation where everyone is working like a machine.
Today we will know about the 5G network which is also known as the fifth generation of mobile network. how it works, differences between previous networks and 5G. benefits of 5G, and security concerns about it.
WHAT IS 5G Network?
5G is the fifth generation of mobile networks And it is a global wireless standard that has come after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. And it is estimated that the speed of 5G will be 100 times more than 4G. And 5G will bring so many opportunities for the people and in the business which have never been seen before. And 5G will also help increase the rate of development in different technologies.
5G wireless technology is intended to deliver several Gbps higher maximum data rates, ultra-low latency, increased reliability, broad network capacity, higher availability, and a more consistent user experience for more users. Higher performance and greater efficiency power new user experiences and connect new industries.
5G is completely reshaping our professional and personal lives by enabling new use cases such as connected vehicles, augmented reality, and enhanced video games and games.
WHAT MAKES 5G DIFFERENT FROM PREVIOUS NETWORK?
To know the difference between the previous generation and the 5G, we need to know about the generations that came before it. In the first generation of mobile networks, we were able to talk to each other through voice. In that we could take the phone in the car and talk from one place to another wherever we wanted very easily, we achieved this feat in the first generation of mobile networks.
In the second generation of mobile networks, we were aware of the start message. We could transfer messages to each other. This is also available in today’s phones, but this feature had come in the second generation of mobile networks.
In the third generation of mobile networks, we had moved towards the essential network speed. We had come towards smartphones in the third generation of mobiles.
And we talk about the fourth generation of mobile networks and in that we have given birth to many connected devices and services with our fast data transfer rates and which we still rely on and enjoy today. And now in the 5th generation of the mobile network, we would step in the greatest speed of mobile network with so many benefits given below. And the 5th generation will give so many opportunities in various technology fields. So because of different changes and speed of internet connection in mobile networks 5G is different from any previous generation.
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WHAT IS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN 4G AND 5G?
There are many differences between the 4th generation of the mobile network. we are using and the 5th generation of the mobile network we will come into use. And some of the differences between them are given below-
- WITH RESPECT TO SPEED – 5G networks are hundreds of times faster than 4G networks.5G networks can provide the level of performance necessary for an increasingly connected society.
- For example, if we used to download an HD movie in 3G took upto 24 hours and the same movie in 4G to download it takes upto four to five hours and if we download the same movie in HD quality in 5G then it will take us only a few minutes.
- 5G IS A UNIFIED PLATFORM THAT IS MORE CAPABLE THAN 4G – Where 4G LTE is based on delivering faster than 3G mobile broadband services, while 5G network is designed to be a more efficient and integrated platform that not only enhances mobile broadband experiences, but also mission critical communications. And also supports new services like massive IoT Key.
- 5G USES SPECTRUM BETTER THAN 4G – The 5G is designed to make the most out of every beat of the spectrum in the widest range of available spectrum regulators paradigm and bands.
- 5G HAS MORE CAPACITY THAN 4G – 5G is designed to increase traffic capacity and network efficiency up to 100 times.
- 5G HAS LOW LATENCY THAN 4G – We get the best performance in 5G. This also means that the latency rate of the 5G is very low. Latency rate means that the delaying time taken between sending and receiving is called latency rate. In 5G we can get our result in at least in a few milliseconds for whichever we search on the internet which will be much less than what is taken by the 4G. To meet the latency rate of 4G is to have 200 seconds and within two hundred and fifty seconds . But the latency rate of 5G is estimated, it is up to 1 millisecond.
BENEFITS OF 5G Networks
If we talk about the technology and network speed provided by 5G, then we can say it in such a way that we are talking about Life-Changing Technologies. With the arrival of 5G network, our life will be completely changed as the speed of our network will increase manifold. And with the arrival of 5G, we will also get a lot of benefits which Will take us to new heights in every field. And some of those benefits from the arrival of 5G have to be listed below-
- With the arrival of 5G, the technology speed will increase to a great extent.
- The arrival of 5G in the life of a common man will have a very good effect, they will not have to face the problems of speed, their time would be less consume
- In communications due to the advent of 5G. There will be a great deal of improvement in technologies and also in the field of transportation.
- 4G latency rate ranged from 200 milliseconds to two hundred and fifty milliseconds, while the latency rate of 5G is estimated to be up to 1 millisecond.
- With the introduction of 5G, the network traffic control will be reduced to a great extent.
- Due to the good speed and network capacity through 5G network, we will be able to transmit more and more data which usually take much time in 4G.
- 5G will also benefit to a great extent for transport, because of 5G any information will be received very quickly as the latency rate in 5G is very low.
- More data can be transmitted in less time because of the low latency rate in 5G.
- 5G will give a new height to our technologies and our development.
HOW FAST THE 5G
We can also know the speed of 5G in this way that if we search anything on the Internet related to anything, we can get its response in 1 millisecond and it is only done due to the Latency rate of 5G is very low and because of that it gives us the immediate response of anything we search on the internet.
5G is designed to deliver peak data rates up to 20 Gbps based on IMT-2020 requirements. The speed increase is partially achieved by using additional high-frequency radio waves in addition to the low and mid-band frequencies previously used in mobile networks. However, high-frequency radio waves have a small usable area, requiring small geographic cells. 5G networks operate in three frequency bands for extended service: low, medium, and high.
5G can be implemented in the low band, mid-band, or high band millimeter waves (mmWave from 24 GHz to 100 GHz is expected to be used for 5G).
Low-band 5G uses the same frequency range as 4G mobile phones, 600–850 MHz, providing download speeds slightly above 4G: 30–250 megabits per second (Mbit/s). Low band mobile towers have the same range and coverage area as 4G towers.
Mid-band 5G uses 2.5 to 3.7 GHz microwaves, providing speeds of 100 to 900 Mbit/s, each of which provides service up to several kilometers in a cell tower radius.
High-band 5G uses frequencies from 25 to 39 GHz, near the bottom of the millimeter-wave band, although higher frequencies may be used in the future. It often achieves download speeds in the gigabit per second (Gbit/s) range compared to wired internet.
All these are expected ranges from the experts.
WHERE IS 5G Network BEING USED
It is anticipated that 5G will be used in three main types of connected services, including enhanced mobile broadband, mission-critical communication, and the massive IoT. One of the defining capabilities of 5G is that it has been designed to be forward compatible. The ability to flexibly enable services of the future that is unknown today will be achieved by 5G in the future.
Enhanced mobile broadband – Apart from making our smartphones even better, 5G mobile technology can also deliver new immersive experiences like VR and AR with faster, more uniform data rates, lower latency, and lower cost per beat.
Mission-critical communication – 5G could enable new services that could transform the industry with ultra-reliable, available, lower latency links like remote control of critical infrastructure, infrastructure, vehicles, and medical procedures.
Massive IoT – 5G will provide ultra-lean and low-cost connectivity solutions to seamlessly connect a large number of embedded sensors through reducing data rates and mobility efficiencies.
Every coin has two sides, one good and one bad. In the same way, if we are getting many benefits with 5G, we will also have some security issues. 5G is very speedy, so there will be some bugs and issues with it too. We need to know those security concerns if we want to know the complete details about 5G.
Some new features and functionalities of 5G network architectures are making some parts of network equipment or functions more fragile, such as stations or major technical management functions of the network.
Related to the reliance of mobile network operators on suppliers, which can increase in-mouth, it can also increase the number of attacks that can be used by threat actors and can seriously increase the potential for such an impact.
Non-EU states or state-backed are considered the most serious among the different potential actors and are more likely to target 5G networks.
As 5G networks are increasingly software-based, risks related to major security flaws, such as those arising from poor software development processes within vendors, are gaining importance.
They can make it difficult for threat actors to maliciously insert back doors into products and detect them.
The risk profile of individual providers will be particularly important in the context of the increased risk of provider-facilitated attacks, including the potential for interference from providers in a non-EU country.